Excerpt About Introjection
Childhood Identification with the SuperegoIn time, the external coercive agencies become internalized. This is done through the process of introjection and identification, in which the coercive agencies become part of the internal structure of the child. In other words, the child psychically takes in parental demands, and they became his or her own. We must remember here that these processes are defensive mechanisms, and now employed, in this instance, to avoid the loss or expected loss of the parent or his love. So becoming like the parent acts as a way of having him, and hence as a defense against losing him; and at the same time, these defenses are also used to get the parents' love and approval. The resulting inner coercive agency is what Freud called the superego.